Embracing the Lackluster: Investigating the Life (and Afterlives) of a Nineteenth-Century Workaday Actor

artykuł recenzowany

Amy E. Hughes

aehugh@umich.edu
University of Michigan–Ann Arbor (Stany Zjednoczone)
https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7710-2062

Abstrakt

Amerykański aktor i antreprener Harry Watkins (1825–1894) nie był wyjątkowy. Pragnął sławy, ale zaledwie się o nią otarł. Jeśli postać Watkinsa ma w ogóle jakieś „znaczenie historyczne”, to przede wszystkim dlatego, że pozostawił obszerny dziennik, w którym opisał swoje przeżycia z okresu poprzedzającego wojnę secesyjną. Kiedy autorka w 2008 roku odkryła ten rękopis, właśnie nijakość Watkinsa stała się przedmiotem jej badań, których osią jest pytanie, jak historia tego niewiele znaczącego aktora oświetla dziewiętnastowieczną kulturę amerykańską – równie obsesyjnie skupioną na sławie i osiągnięciach jak dzisiejsza. Autorka dowodzi, że Watkins to postać znacząca właśnie dlatego, że jest zwyczajny, zapomniany, przeciętny. Jego losy rzucają światło na to, czym jest „biała przeciętność” (Koritha Mitchell), i pogłębiają rozumienie przewrotnej mocy amerykańskiego snu. Niewidzialność Watkinsa za życia i później sugeruje, że przeciętność jest formą napiętnowania i odrzucenia. Jego cykliczne wzloty i upadki uzmysławiają istnienie sił kulturowych, które nadal kształtują aspiracje współczesnych artystów teatralnych i przesądzają o triumfach i porażkach definiujących ich (nasze) nieubłaganie zwyczajne życie.


Słowa kluczowe:

Stany Zjednoczone, XIX wiek, teatr , merytokracja, amerykański sen, biała przeciętność

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Opublikowane
2022-10-03

Cited By / Share

Hughes, A. E. (2022) „Embracing the Lackluster: Investigating the Life (and Afterlives) of a Nineteenth-Century Workaday Actor”, Pamiętnik Teatralny, 71(3), s. 15–36. doi: 10.36744/pt.1038.

Autorzy

Amy E. Hughes 
aehugh@umich.edu
University of Michigan–Ann Arbor Stany Zjednoczone
https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7710-2062

Amy E. Hughes - profesorka na Uniwersytecie Michigan–Ann Arbor. Jej zainteresowania naukowe koncentrują się wokół teatru i performansu w Stanach Zjednoczonych w XIX wieku. Zajmuje się także kulturą materialną i wizualną, studiami nad niepełnosprawnością, studiami nad zwierzętami, humanistyką cyfrową, edycją dokumentów historycznych i pedagogiką uwzględniającą różnice kulturowe (w duchu koncepcji dr Genevay Gay). Jej pierwsza książka, Spectacles of Reform: Theater and Activism in Nineteenth-Century America (University of Michigan Press, 2012), otrzymała w 2013 roku nagrodę Barnard Hewitt Award przyznawaną przez Amerykańskie Towarzystwo Badań Teatralnych. Z Naomi J. Stubbs zredagowała A Player and a Gentleman: The Diary of Harry Watkins, Nineteenth-Century US American Actor (University of Michigan Press, 2018).



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Od zeszytu 1/2018 do zeszytu 3/2022 artykuły publikowane były na licencji CC BY-NC-ND 4.0. W tym okresie autorzy udzielali niewyłącznej i nieodpłatnej licencji (CC BY-ND 4.0) na wykorzystanie tekstu w "Pamiętniku Teatralnym", zachowywali nieograniczone prawa autorskie, ale zobowiązywali się do podawania miejsca pierwodruku przy ponownym wykorzystaniu artykułu.